One hard fact of our history is that we never in the past had a National flag for the whole of India. The stretch of land called India, in the true sense of the word, had never been one nation. there had been dynasties, clans, tribes, and communities. Each had its territory, traditions, customs, and political norms. All these big and small kingdoms were ruled under their respective flags. There had therefore been dhvajas of the epic heroes, standards of monarchs, flags of dynasties, banners of warriors, etc. but a National Flag for the entire length and breadth of the country never existed.